000012879 001__ 12879
000012879 037__ $$a4721
000012879 041__ $$aEnglish
000012879 100__ $$aSandker, M.
000012879 100__ $$aSuwarno, A.
000012879 100__ $$aCampbell, B.
000012879 245__ $$aWill forests remain in the face of oil palm expansion? Simulating  change in Malinau, Indonesia
000012879 260__ $$c2007
000012879 260__ $$b
            
000012879 490__ $$aArticle
000012879 507__ $$aMFOLL
000012879 520__ $$aThe severe tensions between conservation and development are illustrated by events in Malinau Dstrict (Kalimantan, Indonesia). Conservationists decry proposed plans for logging and conversion of pristine tropical forest to oil palm (Elaeis guineensis). Although the local government is willing to declare the district a &ldquo;conservation district,&rdquo; at the same time, it shows interest in oil palm conversion. <br />
<br />
This article explores the impact of the potential conversion of 500 000 ha of forest to oil palm on forest cover, in-migration, and the local economy in Malinau. The simulation model was developed using STELLA&reg; software, and relies on a combination of empirical data, data from the literature, and stakeholder perceptions. If a company were to clear the forest for timber without planting oil palm (as commonly happens), poverty levels are likely to rise rather than decline over the long term. If large-scale oil palm plantations were to be established, they could yield significant benefits to local authorities. However, such development would induce massive employment-driven migration, with wide-ranging consequences for the current inhabitants of the region. By visualising and quantifying these trade-offs between conservation and development, the model stimulates debate and information exchange among conservationists, development actors, and district authorities so that well-informed choices can be made.
000012879 653__ $$aconservation
000012879 653__ $$adevelopment
000012879 653__ $$aeconomy
000012879 653__ $$aforest
000012879 653__ $$agovernment agencies
000012879 653__ $$aIndonesia
000012879 653__ $$atimber
000012879 650__ $$aMountain livelihoods
000012879 650__ $$aMountain people/cultures
000012879 650__ $$aNatural resource management
000012879 650__ $$aForests and forestry
000012879 650__ $$aConservation
000012879 650__ $$aPolicies and governance
000012879 691__ $$aMountain livelihoods
000012879 691__ $$aMountain people/cultures
000012879 691__ $$aNatural resource management
000012879 691__ $$aForests and forestry
000012879 691__ $$aConservation
000012879 691__ $$aPolicies and governance
000012879 773__ $$pEcology and Society 12(2) 37: http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol12/iss2/art37/
000012879 8564_ $$uhttp://lib.icimod.org/record/12879/files/4721.pdf
000012879 980__ $$aARTICLE