000012696 001__ 12696
000012696 037__ $$a5685
000012696 041__ $$aEnglish
000012696 100__ $$aShaoliang, Y.
000012696 100__ $$aNing, W.
000012696 100__ $$aPeng, L.
000012696 100__ $$aQian, W.
000012696 100__ $$aFusun, S.
000012696 100__ $$aGeng, S.
000012696 100__ $$aJianzhong, M.
000012696 245__ $$aChanges in livestock migration patterns in a Tibetan-style agropastoral system: A study in the Three-Parallel-Rivers region of Yunnan, China
000012696 260__ $$c2007
000012696 260__ $$b
            
000012696 490__ $$aArticle
000012696 507__ $$aMFOLL
000012696 520__ $$aThe present paper analyses the changes in migration patterns of a  Tibetan-style transhumance livelihood system for a period of 20 years in  northwest Yunnan, China. Between 1984 and 2005, the average number of  pastures for rotational use in the 12 investigated villages decreased  from 6.2 to 3.9, and the average number of stops on the annual migration  route decreased from 8.3 to 5.8. The number of days during which the  animals depend on stall feeding and low-elevation shrubs increased from  231.3 to 270, while those spent in forest belts decreased by 32.6% and  those in alpine rangelands by 25.5%. These changes have intensified the  pressure on low-elevation ecosystems and grazing resources. Winter  fodder supply, rather than carrying capacity based on overall grazing  resources at all elevations, should be used to determine the scale of  pastoral development. Encroachment of woody plants is a major cause of  alpine rangeland degradation, which used to be unjustifiably attributed  to a growing livestock population. Reintroduction of traditional  management tools such as burning can effectively increase the area of  available rangeland resources and curb localised degradation processes  by evening out grazing pressure.
000012696 653__ $$aagriculture
000012696 653__ $$aChina
000012696 653__ $$afarming systems
000012696 653__ $$agrazing
000012696 653__ $$alivelihood
000012696 653__ $$alivestock
000012696 653__ $$amigration
000012696 653__ $$apastoralism
000012696 653__ $$apasture
000012696 653__ $$apopulation
000012696 650__ $$aMountain livelihoods
000012696 650__ $$aMigration and remittances
000012696 650__ $$aNatural resource management
000012696 650__ $$aFarming systems
000012696 650__ $$aLivestock
000012696 691__ $$aMountain livelihoods
000012696 691__ $$aMigration and remittances
000012696 691__ $$aNatural resource management
000012696 691__ $$aFarming systems
000012696 691__ $$aLivestock
000012696 773__ $$pMountain Research and Development, Vol 27, No 2, May 2007: 138?145: http://www.bioone.org/doi/pdf/10.1659/mrd.0832
000012696 8564_ $$uhttp://lib.icimod.org/record/12696/files/5685.pdf
000012696 980__ $$aARTICLE