000012394 001__ 12394
000012394 037__ $$a5763
000012394 041__ $$aEnglish
000012394 100__ $$aThomas, D.
000012394 100__ $$aSaipothong, P.
000012394 100__ $$aPromduang, T.
000012394 100__ $$aKaewpoka, N.
000012394 100__ $$aPreechapanya, P.
000012394 245__ $$aCommunity-based watershed monitoring and management in northern Thailand
000012394 260__ $$c2006
000012394 260__ $$b
            
000012394 490__ $$aArticle
000012394 507__ $$aMFOLL
000012394 520__ $$aConditions in Mae Chaem are indicative of many problems and challenges facing upper tributary watersheds in northern Thailand. Recent changes in land use include the growth of commercial agriculture associated with opium crop substitution and decreased rotational shifting cultivation. Changing land use has led to increased tensions, as downstream populations blame practices in the mountains for floods, droughts, sedimentation, and a perceived decline in water quality. To help address these issues, the World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) is working with local sub-watershed management networks to develop ways to increase communication, trust, transparency, and accountaility among communities and government units.One focus of this work is on the use of simple, locally managed science-based methods for monitoring watershed services. Upper tributary landscapes are composed of fairly complex mosaic patterns of various cultivated and non-cultivated land use practices. The net impacts of these various configurations on watershed services are subject to considerable speculation and much debate, the vast majority of which is based far more on theory, emotional impressions, and/or vested interests than on empirical evidence. Thus, the project has sought to test a set of simple science-based tools employed by members of local villages in the context of their sub-<br />watershed management network, in order to produce information useful for:<ol><li>Feedback on the impacts of local land use management on watershed services;</li><li>Helping manage watershed service-related tensions and conflicts among local communiities; and</li><li>Facilitating comunication and negotiations between local upland communities and downstream communities and the broader society regarding the impacts of land use in upper tributary watersheds. </li></ol>
000012394 653__ $$aagriculture
000012394 653__ $$afarming systems
000012394 653__ $$aforest
000012394 653__ $$aforestry
000012394 653__ $$aland use
000012394 653__ $$alocal communities
000012394 653__ $$aparticipation
000012394 653__ $$aThailand
000012394 653__ $$awater
000012394 653__ $$awatershed management
000012394 650__ $$aMountain people/cultures
000012394 650__ $$aNatural resource management
000012394 650__ $$aFarming systems
000012394 650__ $$aForests and forestry
000012394 650__ $$aLand use/land cover
000012394 650__ $$aWatershed management
000012394 691__ $$aMountain people/cultures
000012394 691__ $$aNatural resource management
000012394 691__ $$aFarming systems
000012394 691__ $$aForests and forestry
000012394 691__ $$aLand use/land cover
000012394 691__ $$aWatershed management
000012394 773__ $$pMountain Research and Development, Vol 26, No 3, August 2006: 289-291: http://www.bioone.org/doi/pdf/10.1659/0276-4741%282006%2926%5B289%3ACWMAMI%5D2.0.CO%3B2
000012394 8564_ $$uhttp://lib.icimod.org/record/12394/files/5763.pdf
000012394 980__ $$aARTICLE