000012312 001__ 12312
000012312 037__ $$a955
000012312 041__ $$aEnglish
000012312 100__ $$aOjha, H. R.
000012312 245__ $$aDevelopment as symbolic violence?  The case of community forestry in Nepal
000012312 260__ $$c2006
000012312 260__ $$b
            
000012312 490__ $$aArticle
000012312 507__ $$aMFOLL
000012312 520__ $$aCommunity Forestry (CF) program in Nepal is considered a world innovation in the field of participatory environmental governance towards meeting the twin goals of conservation and poverty reduction. Yet, growing evidence indicates that the poorer groups of beneficiaries are not gaining as anticipated, reflecting the continuing worldwide challenges of achieving democratic and equitable environmental governance. This article explores cultural politics that take place around CF to better understand conservation and livelihoods impact. Using Bourdieu’s notion of symbolic violence, the author seeks to explain how rules and practices of forest governance and benefit sharing are legitimated through historically created and tacitly held presuppositions in a particular field of practice (CF in this case). He shows how local level practices of forest governance are actually a site of symbolic violence, exercised by the state officials, development actors and political leaders over ordinary people and socially marginalized groups. Through in-depth analysis of Nepal CF case, He hopes to demonstrate an alternative framework to understand environmental and distributional outcomes of a development action by bringing to bear on the underlying processes of symbolic violence.
000012312 653__ $$acommunity forestry
000012312 653__ $$aconflict
000012312 653__ $$aconservation
000012312 653__ $$aforest
000012312 653__ $$aforestry
000012312 653__ $$agovernance
000012312 653__ $$alivelihood
000012312 653__ $$aNepal
000012312 653__ $$apolicy
000012312 653__ $$aviolence
000012312 650__ $$aMountain livelihoods
000012312 650__ $$aMountain people/cultures
000012312 650__ $$aNatural resource management
000012312 650__ $$aForests and forestry
000012312 650__ $$aConservation
000012312 650__ $$aPolicies and governance
000012312 691__ $$aMountain livelihoods
000012312 691__ $$aMountain people/cultures
000012312 691__ $$aNatural resource management
000012312 691__ $$aForests and forestry
000012312 691__ $$aConservation
000012312 691__ $$aPolicies and governance
000012312 773__ $$pPolicy-Practice Outlook Studies No ? 2
ForestAction Nepal 2006
000012312 8564_ $$uhttp://lib.icimod.org/record/12312/files/955.pdf
000012312 980__ $$aARTICLE