000012211 001__ 12211
000012211 037__ $$a3524
000012211 041__ $$aEnglish
000012211 100__ $$aValentin, C.
000012211 100__ $$aPelletreau, A.
000012211 100__ $$aLestrelin, G.
000012211 245__ $$aLocal knowledge and land degradation: A case study in the uplands of Laos
000012211 260__ $$c2006
000012211 260__ $$b
000012211 490__ $$aConference paper
000012211 507__ $$aMFOLL
000012211 520__ $$aThis paper presents the results of a study using participatory techniques to assess soil erosion in Ban Lak Sip, an upland village of northern Laos. Since 2000, soil erosion and related indicators have been measured in a 67-hectare watershed making up 15 percent of the village land. Measurements have included the survey of rill dynamics and the monitoring of sediment discharge in weirs. Due to the relative short time series (i.e. five years), these measurements provide only limited information on the long-term environmental change and the significance of the land degradation issue in the village. However, several group discussions and the results of a questionnaire survey indicate that a majority of farmers considers that, over the past fifteen years, there has been an important increase in soil erosion across the village land. Local knowledge related to land degradation processes and factors appears remarkably detailed. During group discussions, farmers identified several indicators of soil erosion and, on this basis, were able to reconstruct the history and predict the evolution of the village land, showing a continuous degradation trend that, without change in the current farming practices, would lead to the impossibility of cultivating upland annual crops in the next 10 to 40 years. Accordingly, this perception of land degradation has lead to a number of livelihood adaptations. Using such a ‘hybrid research’ approach integrating biophysical measurements and local perceptions of environmental change allow gaining a better understanding of local environmental issues and adaptive livelihood change. By extension, the approach provides valuable insights for identifying potential solutions to land degradation that are well adapted to the local socio-economic context.
000012211 653__ $$aadaptation strategies
000012211 653__ $$aagriculture
000012211 653__ $$aenvironment
000012211 653__ $$aLaos
000012211 653__ $$alivelihood
000012211 653__ $$alocal knowledge
000012211 653__ $$asoil erosion
000012211 653__ $$awater
000012211 650__ $$aMountain livelihoods
000012211 650__ $$aMountain people/cultures
000012211 650__ $$aIndigenous/traditional knowledge
000012211 650__ $$aNatural resource management
000012211 650__ $$aFarming systems
000012211 650__ $$aWater management
000012211 650__ $$aLand use/land cover
000012211 691__ $$aMountain livelihoods
000012211 691__ $$aMountain people/cultures
000012211 691__ $$aIndigenous/traditional knowledge
000012211 691__ $$aNatural resource management
000012211 691__ $$aFarming systems
000012211 691__ $$aWater management
000012211 691__ $$aLand use/land cover
000012211 773__ $$pSustainable Sloping Lands and Watershed Management Conference 12-15 December 2006 Luang Prabang, Lao PDR Sustainable Sloping Lands and Watershed Management Conference 12-15 December 2006 Luang Prabang, Lao PDR
000012211 8564_ $$uhttp://lib.icimod.org/record/12211/files/3524.pdf
000012211 980__ $$aARTICLE