000012177 001__ 12177
000012177 037__ $$a1968
000012177 041__ $$aEnglish
000012177 100__ $$aAmgalanbaatar, S.
000012177 100__ $$aReading, R. P.
000012177 100__ $$aBedunah, D. J.
000012177 245__ $$aConserving biodiversity on Mongolian rangelands: Implications for protected area development and pastoral uses
000012177 260__ $$c2006
000012177 260__ $$b
            
000012177 490__ $$aArticle
000012177 507__ $$aMFOLL
000012177 520__ $$aMongolia is a sparsely populated country with over 80 percent of its land used by pastoralists for extensive livestock grazing. Mongolia’s wildlife and pastoralists have faced dramatic challenges with the recent rapid socioeconomic changes. Livestock numbers increased dramatically in the 1990s following the transition from communism to democracy and capitalism. Yet, limited industrialization and cultivation and relatively low rates of natural resources exploitation leave geographically large areas of the nation with few adverse impacts. In addition, the nation’s heritage is strongly conservation oriented. As a result, Mongolia’s protected areas system has been growing rapidly and its grasslands support the largest populations of several globally important species. Alternatively, several challenges exist, including growing pressure to exploit the nation’s vast mineral reserves, the potential for conflict between pastoralist and conservation objectives, and insufficient conservation capacity to manage and protect natural resources. Arguably, a unique opportunity exists in Mongolia to develop economically while maintaining healthy and productive grasslands that support large populations of native flora and fauna. We suggest that doing so will require strengthening protected areas management; increasing ecotourism; instituting socially acceptable grazing reform; beginning to manage wildlife throughout the entire nation; and finding ways to integrate solutions for both sustainable pastoralism and conservation while minimizing unproductive conflict.
000012177 653__ $$aconservation
000012177 653__ $$aagrarian reform
000012177 653__ $$aagriculture
000012177 653__ $$abiodiversity
000012177 653__ $$aconflict
000012177 653__ $$adevelopment
000012177 653__ $$aecotourism
000012177 653__ $$agrassland
000012177 653__ $$agrazing
000012177 653__ $$alivestock
000012177 653__ $$amanagement
000012177 653__ $$aMongolia
000012177 653__ $$apastoralism
000012177 653__ $$aprotected area
000012177 653__ $$arangelands
000012177 653__ $$aresource management
000012177 653__ $$awildlife
000012177 650__ $$aMountain livelihoods
000012177 650__ $$aNatural resource management
000012177 650__ $$aFarming systems
000012177 650__ $$aLivestock
000012177 650__ $$aBiodiversity
000012177 650__ $$aConservation
000012177 650__ $$aLand use/land cover
000012177 691__ $$aMountain livelihoods
000012177 691__ $$aNatural resource management
000012177 691__ $$aFarming systems
000012177 691__ $$aLivestock
000012177 691__ $$aBiodiversity
000012177 691__ $$aConservation
000012177 691__ $$aLand use/land cover
000012177 773__ $$pUSDA Forest Service Proceedings RMRS-P-39. 2006
000012177 8564_ $$uhttp://lib.icimod.org/record/12177/files/1968.pdf
000012177 980__ $$aARTICLE