000012166 001__ 12166
000012166 037__ $$a5757
000012166 041__ $$aEnglish
000012166 100__ $$aLiu, W.
000012166 100__ $$aHu, H.
000012166 100__ $$aMa, Y.
000012166 100__ $$aLi, H.
000012166 245__ $$aEnvironmental and socioeconomic impacts of increasing rubber plantations in Menglun Township, southwest China
000012166 260__ $$c2006
000012166 260__ $$b
            
000012166 490__ $$aArticle
000012166 507__ $$aMFOLL
000012166 520__ $$aSignificant changes in land use and land cover have occurred in Menglun  Township, Xishuangbanna Autonomous Prefecture, southwest China. This is a  region of high agro-ecological diversity representative of the general  biophysical and socioeconomic conditions of Xishuangbanna. An analysis  of satellite images showed that from 1988 to 2003, rubber plantations  increased by 324%; this expansion generally occurred at the expense of  forests and shifting agriculture. Most rubber expansion was in the  lowland areas, where suitable microclimates and proximity to roads  favoured the development of the rubber industry. Economically, all the  villages showed an improved living standard; from 1988 to 2003, the  total net income of the township increased from CNY 4 million (US$ 0.49  million) to CNY 44 million (US$ 5.49 million). The increasing population  and rising living standard of the area will put greater pressure on the  environment and available land resources. Although the government  considers rubber and other plantations such as tea and sugar to be  ‘green industries,’ the loss of tropical rainforest and agricultural  lands (including diverse shifting agriculture) suggests that the  potential impacts of policies to promote green industries should be  considered carefully. Communities such as those in northern Laos, where  the rubber industry is now expanding rapidly, are likely to experience a  similar scenario.
000012166 653__ $$aagriculture
000012166 653__ $$aagroecosystems
000012166 653__ $$aChina
000012166 653__ $$aenvironment
000012166 650__ $$aMountain livelihoods
000012166 650__ $$aNatural resource management
000012166 650__ $$aFarming systems
000012166 650__ $$aHigh value products/value chains
000012166 650__ $$aLand use/land cover
000012166 691__ $$aMountain livelihoods
000012166 691__ $$aNatural resource management
000012166 691__ $$aFarming systems
000012166 691__ $$aHigh value products/value chains
000012166 691__ $$aLand use/land cover
000012166 773__ $$pMountain Research and Development, Vol 26, No 3, August 2006: 245?253: http://www.bioone.org/doi/pdf/10.1659/0276-4741%282006%2926%5B245%3AEASIOI%5D2.0.CO%3B2
000012166 8564_ $$uhttp://lib.icimod.org/record/12166/files/5757.pdf
000012166 980__ $$aARTICLE