Ecological restoration, a means of conserving biodiversity and sustaining livelihoods (2004)

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Many of the world’s ecosystems have undergone significant degradation with negative impacts on biological diversity and peoples’ livelihoods. There is now a growing realisation that we will not be able to conserve the earth’s biological diversity through the protection of critical areas alone. This paper explains what is meant by the term "ecological restoration" and outlines how it can provide enhanced biodiversity outcomes as well as improve human well-being in degraded landscapes. In this way ecological restoration becomes a fundamental element of ecosystem management, although until recently, its potential has not always been fully recognised.
Given that many people now depend on what have become degraded ecosystems to sustain their livelihoods, ecological restoration needs to address four elements. These elements are critical to successful ecosystem management.

Ecological restoration should:
  • improve biodiversity conservation;
  • improve human livelihoods;
  • empower local people;
  • improve ecosystemproductivity.
Language: English
Imprint: Society for Ecological Restoration International, Tucson, Arizona, USA and IUCN, Gland, Switzerland<br /> 2004
Series: Report,