000011579 001__ 11579
000011579 037__ $$a6217
000011579 041__ $$aEnglish
000011579 100__ $$aShivakoti, G. P.
000011579 100__ $$aShrestha, S. G.
000011579 245__ $$aFarmer Managed Irrigation Systems of Nepal: Balancing water use and environment conservation for sustainable livelihood
000011579 260__ $$c2004
000011579 260__ $$b
            
000011579 490__ $$aArticle
000011579 507__ $$aMFOLL
000011579 520__ $$aIn Nepal, Farmer Managed Irrigation Systems (FMISs) dominate the number and the irrigated area.  They were built and managed by farmers themselves for centuries. The main objective of this paper was to analyse the factors that made thes FMISs function well for so long. FMISs communities have indigenous but ultra-modern knowledge of layout, construction, management, ecology and hydrology. They have built irrigation structures in exceptionally difficult and varying geophysical environment without the aid of modern equipment. FMISs were constructed, operated and maintained for centuries with least damage and threat to environment and humanity. This study has found that perpetuation of accumulated experience, skill and the knowledge have enabled them balance water use, conserve natural ecosystem, generate employment and feed rapidly growing population, build social capital for collective action and maintain communal integrity, make best use of local resources and indigenous technology, and keep several FMISs alive. Centuries old live FMISs testify it. An in-depth study on FMISs doctrine and fine tuning them to respond to the current challenges will benefit not only the FMISs but also the entire humanity.
000011579 653__ $$aNepal
000011579 653__ $$awater
000011579 653__ $$aconservation
000011579 653__ $$aenvironment
000011579 653__ $$airrigation
000011579 653__ $$alocal knowledge
000011579 650__ $$aMountain livelihoods
000011579 650__ $$aMountain people/cultures
000011579 650__ $$aIndigenous/traditional knowledge
000011579 650__ $$aNatural resource management
000011579 650__ $$aForests and forestry
000011579 691__ $$aMountain livelihoods
000011579 691__ $$aMountain people/cultures
000011579 691__ $$aIndigenous/traditional knowledge
000011579 691__ $$aNatural resource management
000011579 691__ $$aForests and forestry
000011579 773__ $$pHimalayan Journal of Sociology & Anthropology Vol.1 2004 p.64-74: http://nepjol.info/index.php/HJSA/article/view/1554/1492
000011579 8564_ $$uhttp://lib.icimod.org/record/11579/files/6217.pdf
000011579 980__ $$aARTICLE