000011430 001__ 11430
000011430 037__ $$a1384
000011430 041__ $$aEnglish
000011430 100__ $$aWaldick, L.
000011430 100__ $$a(ed)
000011430 245__ $$aWater management in Ecuador?s Andes mountains
000011430 260__ $$c2003
000011430 260__ $$bInternational Development Research Centre (IDRC)
000011430 490__ $$aNews bulletin
000011430 507__ $$aMFOLL
000011430 520__ $$aIn the countries of the Northern Andes, there is a unique ecosystem that starts at 5,000, at the edge of the glaciers that cap the mountains, and runs down to about 3,600 m. The landscape of these high, treeless, plateaus   ? known as the paramo ? is dotted with plants and shrubs uniquely adapted to the cold night temperatures and high levels of ultraviolet light . But most unusual about the paramo is its soil. Black, peaty, volcanic in origin, the soil of the paramo functions like a sponge ? it absorbs and holds water moisture from rain, mists, and glacial thaws, slowly releasing it.
But the paramo is a delicate ecosystem. Once the soil dries, it becomes hydrophobic: instead of absorbing water, it repels it, inducing an uncontrolled downward flow of water. In addition, paramo soils store more carbon than the rainforest. Should the soil structure be seriously damaged, this carbon starts to decompose and is released in large quantities into the atmosphere.
So in the El Angel watershed in Carchi province, there has been a concerted effort to find alternative ways to solve the problems of water shortages, driven largely by a research team working on a project known as Manrecur. Their work is supported by Canada?s International Development Research Centre (IDRC) among other donors.
Article: http://www.idrc.ca/en/ev-29422-201-1-DO_TOPIC.html
000011430 653__ $$aAndes
000011430 653__ $$aecosystem
000011430 653__ $$aEcuador
000011430 653__ $$asoil
000011430 653__ $$awater
000011430 650__ $$aNatural resource management
000011430 650__ $$aWater management
000011430 691__ $$aNatural resource management
000011430 691__ $$aWater management
000011430 773__ $$p
            
000011430 8564_ $$uhttp://lib.icimod.org/record/11430/files/1384.pdf
000011430 980__ $$aNEWSLETTER