Water: A scarce resource in rural watersheds of Nepal?s Middle Mountains (2003)

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Water remains one of the major issues in the Middle Mountains of the Hindu Kush–Himalayas. This most populated region of Nepal depends mainly on rainwater supply, which is highly variable: around 85% of annual rainfall is expected during the monsoon, which lasts about four months from June to September. During this season, the major concern in many parts of the region is flooding and surface erosion due to too much water. During the remaining eight months, water shortage for domestic and agricultural use is a persistent problem.
This article discusses water availability considerations in two watersheds in the Middle Mountains of Nepal. A survey of the water need and supply situation was carried out in both watersheds. The survey revealed the most needy regions within the watersheds and local residents’ major concerns. Their main apprehension is water availability for both agricultural and domestic purposes, and increasingly, water quality concerns are mentioned in villages. A comparison between the two watersheds is particularly interesting because of their location in relation to Kathmandu, a major market opportunity for vegetable farmers. This study concludes that with the increasing pressure on available water resources, new forms of water resources management at watershed scale have to be introduced. They must be based on the social background of the area and on the technical possibilities in terms of both locally available knowledge and scientific information.
Year: 2003
Language: English
In: Mountain Research and Development Vol 23, No 1, Feb 2003: 41–49,



 Record created 2011-12-21, last modified 2013-01-17